What is overweight?
Overweight is a deposition of excess fat in the body. Overweight is diagnosed when the patient’s BMI ranges between 25 kg / m2 and 29.9 kg / m2.
Common causes of excess weight are energy imbalance and metabolic disorders that can be caused by:
- unhealthy lifestyle
- hormonal diseases
- low physical activity
The results of statistical studies show that more than 750 million adults are overweight today. The number of overweight children significantly exceeds over 40 million today.
Overweight is a common risk factor for chronic diseases. In particular, it is significantly increased the likelihood of such disorders, as:
- osteoarthritis – by less than 15%
- type 2 diabetes – by more than 55%
- hypertension – by approximately 40%
- ischemic stroke – by more than 22%
- coronary heart disease – by approximately 20%
A risk of insulin resistance, disorders of the musculoskeletal system or cardiovascular diseases increases in overweight children after puberty.
To prevent further accumulation of excess fat and reduce risk of secondary diseases, it is very important to timely start treatment of overweight.
To manage excess weight, various effective methods aimed at weight loss, reduction of risk factors for secondary diseases and maintenance of healthy body weight are used. The most common methods are diet therapy and physical activity.