Body Mass Index (BMI) is a highly controversial health assessment tool designed to estimate a person’s body fat and risk of poor health. Research typically shows a greater risk of chronic disease as BMI increases above the “normal” range. Furthermore, a low BMI (below 18.5) is also linked to poor health outcomes.
Why is BMI a bad indicator of overall health?
BMI (body mass index), which is based on the height and weight of a person, is an inaccurate measure of body fat content and does not take into account muscle mass, bone density, overall body composition, and racial and sex differences, say researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania.
Why is BMI sometimes not a good indicator of health for adults?
BMI is a simple indicator of weight for height and can’t differentiate between muscle mass and fat mass. So BMI tends to overestimate the health risk for adults with a high muscle mass, such as some athletes, and underestimate the risk for adults with a low muscle mass, as can occur with sedentary lifestyles.
Why is the body mass index BMI inappropriate to use as a health risk indicator for athletes?
“Because it’s simple,” Ahima said, adding that it’s easy to weigh people and measure their height. For most people, BMI provides a “reasonable measure” of body fat, but is not accurate for athletes (who weigh more because of muscle) or older people who have lost height, he said.
What is the problem with BMI?
According to the National Institutes of Health, “The higher your BMI, the higher your risk for certain diseases such as heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, gallstones, breathing problems, and certain cancers.” That’s why doctors are inclined to use this measure of overweight and obesity with patients.
Why do doctors still use BMI?
Body mass index, or BMI, has been used for over 100 years to help health professionals decide whether a patient is overweight or underweight. It is used in population studies, by doctors, personal trainers, and others.
What is my ideal weight for my height and age?
Weight and height guide chart
|5ft 1″ (61″)||100 to 127 lbs.||132 to 153 lbs.|
|5ft 2″ (62″)||104 to 131 lbs.||136 to 158 lbs.|
|5ft 3″ (63″)||107 to 135 lbs.||141 to 163 lbs.|
|5ft 4″ (64″)||110 to 140 lbs.||145 to 169 lbs.|
Is WHR a better indicator than BMI?
The study, published Wednesday in the Journal of the American Heart Association, suggests that a waist-to-hip ratio measurement may be a better indicator of heart attack risk than body mass index for both men and women.
What is the best indicator of overall health?
Body mass index or BMI has long been the standard for measuring health. The simple formula is widely used to classify whether our weight falls within a “healthy” range for our height. BMI provides an estimate of a person’s overall disease risk, and is used around the world to measure obesity.
Is BMI a good health indicator?
BMI is a useful indicator of health at the population level. However, the distribution of fat on your body is more important that the amount, when assessing your disease risk. For this reason, your waist circumference is thought to be a better predictor of health risk than your BMI.
Is BMI accurate if you are muscular?
A glob of muscle weighs about 18 percent more than the same size glob of fat. So, according to the BMI, the sprinter is more overweight than the sedentary person. But as I said earlier, a glob of muscle weighs about 18 percent more than the same size glob of fat, so this is clearly not an accurate statement.
Why do we need to check your BMI regularly?
It’s a good way to gauge whether your weight is in healthy proportion to your height. In fact, knowing your BMI can help you – and your GP – determine any health risks you may face if it’s outside of the healthy range. Being overweight can lead to a range of chronic conditions including: Type 2 Diabetes.
Does age affect BMI?
For adults ages 20 years and older, BMI incorporates weight and height, but it does not take age or sex into account. A woman tends to have more body fat than a man with the same BMI. Likewise, an older person tends to have more body fat than a younger person with an equal BMI.
How will you improve your BMI results?
Eat More Fruits, Vegetables, Whole Grains, and Low- or No-Fat Dairy Products Every Day
- Aim for at least five servings of fruits and vegetables a day. …
- Try and choose whole grain cereal, pasta, rice, and bread. …
- Avoid food that is high in sugar, like pastries, sweetened cereal, and soda or fruit-flavored drinks.
What is a decent BMI?
For most adults, an ideal BMI is in the 18.5 to 24.9 range. For children and young people aged 2 to 18, the BMI calculation takes into account age and gender as well as height and weight. If your BMI is: below 18.5 – you’re in the underweight range.
Who is excluded from BMI?
We excluded participants with a BMI of less than 15 kg/m2 or 60 kg/m2 or more, or baseline age younger than 20 years or older than 90 years.