What is metabolic acidosis quizlet?

Metabolic Acidosis? a condition characterized by a deficiency of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body, in which the pH falls to less than 7.35.

What happens in metabolic acidosis quizlet?

When metabolic acidosis occurs, the respiratory system compensates by increasing the rate and depth of respirations, CO2 elimination increases, and the PaCO2 decreases. Can result from an accumulation of metabolic acids or impaired renal elimination of metabolic acids.

What causes metabolic acidosis?

Metabolic acidosis can be caused by acid accumulation due to increased acid production or acid ingestion; decreased acid excretion; or GI or renal bicarbonate (HCO3−) loss. Metabolic acidoses are categorized based on whether the anion gap is high or normal.

What are some causes of metabolic acidosis quizlet?

Terms in this set (17)

  • metabolic acidosis. …
  • accumulation of metabolic acids, excess loss of bicarbonate, an increase in chloride levels. …
  • shock, cardiac arrest, type 1 diabetes mellitus, acute or chronic renal failure impairs the excretion of metabolic acidosis, diarrhea, intestinal suction, abdominal fistulas.
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What is the most common cause of metabolic acidosis quizlet?

Renal failure is the most common cause of metabolic acidosis and occurs when the kidneys fail to excrete excess non-volatile acids, namely hydrogen.

What are three causes of metabolic acidosis?

Metabolic acidosis has three main root causes: increased acid production, loss of bicarbonate, and a reduced ability of the kidneys to excrete excess acids. Metabolic acidosis can lead to acidemia, which is defined as arterial blood pH that is lower than 7.35.

What are the clinical manifestations of metabolic acidosis quizlet?

Terms in this set (6)

  • Primary indicator. Decreased HCO3-
  • Neurological. Drowsiness. Confusion. …
  • CV. Decreased blood pressure. …
  • GI. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain.
  • Neuromuscular. No significant findings.
  • Respiratory. Deep, rapid respirations (compensatory action by the lungs)

What is the most common cause of metabolic acidosis?

The most common causes of hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis are gastrointestinal bicarbonate loss, renal tubular acidosis, drugs-induced hyperkalemia, early renal failure and administration of acids.

How serious is metabolic acidosis?

Metabolic acidosis itself most often causes rapid breathing. Acting confused or very tired may also occur. Severe metabolic acidosis can lead to shock or death. In some situations, metabolic acidosis can be a mild, ongoing (chronic) condition.

What is an example of metabolic acidosis?

Kidney disease (uremia, distal renal tubular acidosis or proximal renal tubular acidosis). Lactic acidosis. Poisoning by aspirin, ethylene glycol (found in antifreeze), or methanol. Severe dehydration.

Which drug increases the risk of metabolic acidosis quizlet?

Spironolactone may increase the risk of metabolic acidosis. Prednisone, furosemide, and carbenicillin can cause metabolic alkalosis.

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Which of the following is a clinical manifestation of metabolic acidosis?

Patients may also report chest pain, palpitations, headache, confusion, generalized weakness, and bone pain. Patients, especially children, also may present with nausea, vomiting, and decreased appetite.

What medications can cause metabolic acidosis?

The most common drugs and chemicals that induce the anion gap type of acidosis are biguanides, alcohols, polyhydric sugars, salicylates, cyanide and carbon monoxide.

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