What are the two most important factors affecting obesity?

Many factors influence body weight-genes, though the effect is small, and heredity is not destiny; prenatal and early life influences; poor diets; too much television watching; too little physical activity and sleep; and our food and physical activity environment.

What are the 2 factors in becoming overweight?

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute offers more information on the causes of overweight and obesity.

  • Food and Activity. People gain weight when they eat more calories than they burn through activity. …
  • Environment. The world around us influences our ability to maintain a healthy weight. …
  • Genetics.

What are 3 contributing factors to obesity in our society?

Behaviors can include physical activity, inactivity, dietary patterns, medication use, and other exposures. Additional contributing factors include the food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food marketing and promotion.

What are five causes of obesity?

9 Most common causes of obesity

  • Physical inactivity. …
  • Overeating. …
  • Genetics. …
  • A diet high in simple carbohydrates. …
  • Frequency of eating. …
  • Medications. …
  • Psychological factors. …
  • Diseases such as hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Cushing’s syndrome are also contributors to obesity.
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What are 2 factors affecting your body composition that you can control?

In healthy adults, body composition is maintained over the short term within narrow limits. Gender, age, race, nutrition, physical activity, and hormonal status are the main determinants of body composition. Illness may have a significant effect on body composition; malnutrition is a major complication.

How does obesity affect the community?

The High Cost of Excess Weight

No less real are the social and emotional effects of obesity, including discrimination, lower wages, lower quality of life and a likely susceptibility to depression.

How can we prevent obesity?

Prevention

  1. Exercise regularly. You need to get 150 to 300 minutes of moderate-intensity activity a week to prevent weight gain. …
  2. Follow a healthy-eating plan. …
  3. Know and avoid the food traps that cause you to eat. …
  4. Monitor your weight regularly. …
  5. Be consistent.

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What factors influence weight?

What factors affect weight and health?

  • Family history and genes. Overweight and obesity tend to run in families, suggesting that genes may play a role. …
  • Race or ethnicity. …
  • Age. …
  • Sex. …
  • Eating and physical activity habits. …
  • Where you live, work, play, and worship. …
  • Family habits and culture. …
  • Not enough sleep.

Can obesity be cured?

The best way to treat obesity is to eat a healthy, reduced-calorie diet and exercise regularly. To do this you should: eat a balanced, calorie-controlled diet as recommended by your GP or weight loss management health professional (such as a dietitian) join a local weight loss group.

What are the main cause of obesity?

Obesity is generally caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy, particularly fat and sugars, but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, much of the surplus energy will be stored by the body as fat.

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What food causes obesity?

Limit these foods and drinks:

  • Sugar-sweetened beverages (soda, fruit drinks, sports drinks)
  • Fruit juice (no more than a small amount per day)
  • Refined grains(white bread, white rice, white pasta) and sweets.
  • Potatoes (baked or fried)
  • Red meat (beef, pork, lamb) and processed meats (salami, ham, bacon, sausage)

What are the 5 factors for body composition?

Factors That Affect Body Fat

  • Genetics. …
  • Age. …
  • Sex. …
  • Menopause. …
  • Type of Activity. …
  • Amount of Activity. …
  • Nutrition. …
  • Tip: The highest health risk occurs when there is excess body fat around your waist, especially near your organs (also called “visceral fat”).

What 2 factors should you use to determine a person’s BMI?

BMI is a simple, inexpensive, and noninvasive surrogate measure of body fat. In contrast to other methods, BMI relies solely on height and weight and with access to the proper equipment, individuals can have their BMI routinely measured and calculated with reasonable accuracy.

What are the biggest influences on your level of body fatness?

The individual has no control over some of these factors, including developmental determinants, genetic makeup, gender, and age. Other factors that influence body weight over which the individual has potential control include level of physical activity, diet, and some environmental and social factors.

Healthy lifestyle