What is metabolic syndrome characterized by?
Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.
What is the metabolic syndrome quizlet?
Metabolic Syndrome Definition. -a syndrome marked by the presence of three or more of a group of factors (such as high blood pressure, abdominal obesity, high triglyceride levels, low HDL levels, and high fasting levels of blood sugar) that are linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes.
What are the 5 components of metabolic syndrome?
Components of Metabolic Syndrome
- Abdominal obesity.
- Atherogenic dyslipidemia.
- Raised blood pressure.
- Insulin resistance ± glucose intolerance.
- Proinflammatory state.
- Prothrombotic state.
Which of the following measurements is a characteristic of metabolic syndrome?
According to the NCEP ATP III definition, metabolic syndrome is present if three or more of the following five criteria are met: waist circumference over 40 inches (men) or 35 inches (women), blood pressure over 130/85 mmHg, fasting triglyceride (TG) level over 150 mg/dl, fasting high-density lipoprotein (HDL) …
What are examples of metabolic disorders?
- Familial hypercholesterolemia.
- Gaucher disease.
- Hunter syndrome.
- Krabbe disease.
- Maple syrup urine disease.
- Metachromatic leukodystrophy.
- Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, stroke-like episodes (MELAS)
What are the 5 risk factors for metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic Risk Factors
- A Large Waistline. Having a large waistline means that you carry excess weight around your waist (abdominal obesity). …
- A High Triglyceride Level. Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. …
- A Low HDL Cholesterol Level. …
- High Blood Pressure. …
- High Fasting Blood Sugar.
Which of the following is a constituent of metabolic syndrome?
ATP III identified six components of the metabolic syndrome that relate to CVD: abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, raised blood pressure, insulin resistance ± glucose intolerance, proinflammatory and prothrombotic states.
Why does polyuria develop with diabetes mellitus?
Polyuria in diabetes occurs when you have excess levels of sugar in the blood. Normally, when your kidneys create urine, they reabsorb all of the sugar and direct it back to the bloodstream. With type 1 diabetes, excess glucose ends up in the urine, where it pulls more water and results in more urine.
Which of the following factors contribute to the development of metabolic syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome is not a disease in itself. Instead, it’s a group of risk factors — high blood pressure, high blood sugar, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and abdominal fat.
How do you fix metabolic syndrome?
In most cases, the best treatment for metabolic syndrome rests with you. Changes to your behavior — such as eating healthier and getting more exercise — are the first things your doctor will suggest. By adopting some healthy habits, you may be able to eliminate your risk factors completely.
What are the three components of the metabolic syndrome?
The combination of hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, glucose intolerance, and obesity, particularly central obesity, has been termed the “metabolic syndrome.” It has been proposed that this syndrome is a powerful determinant of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (3–6).
What is the best approach for the treatment of metabolic syndrome?
A diet that is low in sodium and high in potassium is recommended to reduce blood pressure. Diets that promote the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, such as the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension)–style diet, help to lower blood pressure and may lower the risk of stroke.
What is the diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome?
TABLE 1. Diagnostic Criteria for Metabolic Syndrome
|Measure (Any 3 of 5 Criteria Constitute Diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome)||Categorical Cut Points|
|Elevated waist circumference*†||≥102 cm (≥40 inches) in men|
|≥88 cm (≥35 inches) in women|
|Elevated TG||≥150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L)|
What is metabolic syndrome screening?
What is a metabolic syndrome screening? The screening measures five things: your waistline, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol level, triglyceride level and fasting blood sugar. If three or more factors are outside the normal range, you have metabolic syndrome. Here’s more information about each factor: Waistline.
Is metabolic syndrome an autoimmune disease?
5. Metabolic syndrome and primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by obstetric morbidity and recurrent arterial or venous thrombosis in the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) .