Childhood obesity is a significant public health challenge. Early childhood obesity prevalence is disproportionately higher among racial and/or ethnic minority children compared with their white peers. It is unclear which specific obesity risk factors underlie and explain these disparities.
Is obesity a health disparity?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2018), over one-third of American adults are obese, which can lead to a host of other health issues such as heart disease, stroke, cancers and diabetes. Obesity also is more prevalent in more vulnerable populations.
What are the disparities in childhood obesity?
Research findings suggesting that psychological factors contribute to childhood obesity disparities include that childhood obesity is associated with a number of psychological problems such as poor social functioning (Pitrou, Shojaei, Wazana, Gilbert & Kovess-Masféty, 2010) and anxiety and depression (Esposito et al., …
What is considered a health disparity?
Healthy People 2020 defines a health disparity as, “a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage” and notes that disparities, “adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater obstacles to health based on their racial …
What are obesity disparities?
Underlying risks that may help explain disparities in obesity prevalence among non-Hispanic black and the Hispanic populations could include lower high school graduation rates, higher rates of unemployment, higher levels of food insecurity, greater access to poor quality foods, less access to convenient places for …
What is a health disparity example?
Black/African American, American Indians and Hispanic groups are more likely to die of diabetes. Black/African Americans and White groups have higher death rates for heart disease and cancer. For all three diseases, Black/African Americans have the highest death rates while Asian/Pacific Islanders have the lowest.
What race has highest obesity?
In 2019, black adults had the highest obesity rates of any race or ethnicity in the United States, followed by American Indians/Alaska Natives and Hispanics. As of that time, around 40 percent of all black adults were obese. Asians/Pacific Islanders had by far the lowest obesity rates.
How can we prevent childhood obesity?
The most important strategies for preventing obesity are healthy eating behaviors, regular physical activity, and reduced sedentary activity (such as watching television and videotapes, and playing computer games).
What race has the highest rate of childhood obesity?
Obesity is more prevalent among American Indian and/or Native Alaskan (31.2%), non-Hispanic black (20.8%), and Hispanic (22.0%) children compared with their white (15.9%) and Asian (12.8%) peers.
How does childhood obesity affect the community?
Childhood obesity can profoundly affect children’s physical health, social, and emotional well-being, and self esteem. It is also associated with poor academic performance and a lower quality of life experienced by the child.
What is an example of disparity?
Filters. The definition of disparity is a difference. When you make $100,000 and your neighbor makes $20,000, this is an example of a large disparity in income. noun.
Is poverty a health disparity?
The United States has among the largest income-based health disparities in the world: Poor adults are five times as likely as those with incomes above 400 percent of the federal poverty level to report being in poor or fair health.
What are three types of health disparities?
Healthy People 2020 defines a health disparity as “a particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage.
- Race and ethnicity.
- Sexual identity and orientation.
- Disability status or special health care needs.
- Geographic location (rural and urban)
Is obesity a socioeconomic issue?
Among men, obesity prevalence is generally similar at all income levels, with a tendency to be slightly higher at higher income levels. Among women, obesity prevalence increases as income decreases. Most obese adults are not low income (below 130% of the poverty level).
Which condition is related to an increase in the size and number of fat cells in the body?
Author summary. Obesity is an enlargement of adipose tissue to store excess energy intake. Hyperplasia (cell number increase) and hypertrophy (cell size increase) are two possible growth mechanisms.
What are the common causes of obesity?
9 Most common causes of obesity
- Physical inactivity. …
- Overeating. …
- Genetics. …
- A diet high in simple carbohydrates. …
- Frequency of eating. …
- Medications. …
- Psychological factors. …
- Diseases such as hypothyroidism, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Cushing’s syndrome are also contributors to obesity.