OBJECTIVE—Numerous studies in the U.S. and elsewhere have reported an increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among women who are overweight or obese compared with lean or normal-weight women.
Why does obesity increase risk of gestational diabetes?
As obesity and GDM are frequently comorbid conditions, obesity and excessive gestational weight gain may compound these risks in GDM6. Because fat is an endocrine organ and interacts with diabetes, it is possible that the increased accumulation of fat has a differential effect on perinatal outcomes for women with GDM7.
Does obesity cause gestational diabetes?
Maternal obesity is an important risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus; women who are obese or severely obese before pregnancy are four and eight times more likely to develop gestational diabetes mellitus, respectively, compared with normal weight women .
What increases risk of gestational diabetes?
Overweight and obesity. A lack of physical activity. Previous gestational diabetes or prediabetes. Polycystic ovary syndrome.
How can overweight prevent gestational diabetes?
The best way to lower your risk for gestational diabetes is to stay healthy and prepare your body for pregnancy. If you’re overweight, you can take the following steps to prepare for pregnancy: Work to improve your diet and eat healthy foods. Establish a regular exercise routine.
How can I lower my BMI while pregnant?
2. Cut down on calories
- eat smaller portions.
- cut out condiments.
- swap unhealthy fats (like butter) for a plant-based version (try olive oil)
- trade baked goods for fruit.
- fill up on vegetables instead of traditional carbs.
- cut out soda, and opt for water instead.
- avoid large amounts of junk food, like chips or candy.
Can you be too fat for an ultrasound?
Uppot says obesity affects the quality of all types of imaging. For example, obesity interferes with ultrasound assessment because it is difficult for ultrasound wave signals to penetrate fat to picture the organs underneath. As a result, the image becomes unreadable.
What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes?
The early signs of gestational diabetes include:
- Extreme fatigue and lethargy.
- Urge to urinate increases to extremes.
- Extremely dry mouth and constant thirst.
- Feeling extreme nausea (maybe even vomiting) after eating.
- Unusually strong cravings for sweet foods and drinks.
- Blurred vision.
- Tingling in the hands or feet.
Can a healthy person get gestational diabetes?
Despite living healthy, eating right and exercising regularly, some women still develop gestational diabetes, and type 2 diabetes later in life. It happens. If it does, you and your healthcare team can work together to manage it and make a healthy start for you and your baby.
How can I avoid gestational diabetes?
Include fiber in your meals. This can come from vegetables, fruits, whole-grain breads, whole-grain crackers, and cereals. One large study looked at diets of women before they got pregnant. Each daily increase in fiber by 10 grams reduced their risk of gestational diabetes by 26%.
Does gestational diabetes make baby more active?
We hypothesize that some offspring of women with GDM may be intrinsically more active in utero, and those that are active may be able to compensate for the hyperglycemia and thus minimize their risk of macrosomia.
Does drinking a lot of water help with gestational diabetes?
As water contains no carbohydrate or calories, it is the perfect drink for pregnant women. Studies have also shown that drinking water could help control glucose levels. Drink a large glass of water with every meal and another glass in between meals. “Water was key to keeping my glucose levels stable.
Can you get rid of gestational diabetes while pregnant?
Gestational diabetes also increases your risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy. In most cases, gestational diabetes disappears after your baby is born. However, for some people, high blood sugar may persist after pregnancy.
Can you reverse gestational diabetes?
Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes usually goes away on its own and soon after delivery blood sugar levels return to normal, says Dr. Tania Esakoff, clinical director of the Prenatal Diagnosis Center.
How can I lower my gestational diabetes naturally?
The following are dietary recommendations that will help you maintain safe blood sugar levels:
- Distribute your foods between three meals and two or three snacks each day. …
- Eat reasonable portions of starch. …
- Drink one cup of milk at a time. …
- Limit fruit portions. …
- Breakfast matters. …
- Avoid fruit juice.
Does exercise reduce risk of gestational diabetes?
Exercise. Exercise is a vital part of maintaining a healthy weight. Both before and during pregnancy, exercise can help prevent gestational diabetes. Exercise helps the body become more sensitive to the insulin that the pancreas creates, which helps regulate blood sugar levels.