People who want to get rid of extra kilograms make many important decisions related to weight loss and use a variety of weight management strategies. Success in the fight against obesity is achieved by those, who manage to learn how to manage the balance of calories consumed.
Energy balance is the most important tool used to reduce body weight and improve health. It shows the relationship between all received and expended energy in the body.
|In positive balance – the body gets more energy than it spends.
Accumulated excess energy is put to storage as fat.
|In negative balance – the body gets less energy than consumed during the day.
As a result, the energy deficit is recovered from fat reserves.
The increase in body weight is a reliable indicator of the positive energy balance. Until it becomes negative, it is impossible to get rid of extra kilograms.
Energy enters the body in only one way – the intake of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Calories are consumed in a variety of ways. Basically, calories are needed for:
- Physical Activity
- Activities of daily living
- Metabolic processes
- Basic body processes.
Understanding of the energy balance management will help develop an individual strategy for body weight reduction. Some people find it easier to reduce food intake and not be very physically active. Others like sports and are ready for high-intensity physical exercises.
The components of the energy balance are interdependent. In any case, fight against obesity focuses on reducing the calorie intake and increasing physical activity. To achieve a healthy body weight, people should introduce long-term lifestyle changes.
Performing simple steps, we can simplify the process of fighting excess fat.
- The 1st step – prevent weight gain.
- The 2nd step – create the negative energy balance.
- The 3rd step – loss of extra pounds and achievement of a healthier weight.
- The 4th step – maintain the energy balance and a healthy body weight.
Understanding the energy balance and previous experience of fighting excess fat leads to a certain conclusion: “Treating obesity is much more difficult than preventing weight gain”!The earlier you start managing the energy balance, the less negative health effects you get. If the weight began to increase recently, control over the intake and expenditure of energy is achieved through small changes in behavior.
When the energy intake is equal to the energy expenditure, your body weight remains stable. Therefore, people should be physically active and observe diversity, balance and moderation in nutrition.