Alcohol dependence

Alcohol dependence

Numerous studies have shown that the vast majority of people consider alcohol to be the best way of relaxing. A recent survey has showed that more than 50% of the Americans prefer to relax drinking beer or wine at the end of the day.

However, as scientists have found out, over time this habit can lead to persistent alcohol dependence and have a negative impact on the body. This way of removing stress increases the likelihood of obesity development both in women and in men.

It has been established that drinking alcohol causes a strong feeling of hunger in most people.

If a person drinks even a small amount of alcohol, then he eats more food than usual.

Increased appetite is explained by the fact that, alcohol getting into the body:

Stimulates appetite

Irritates the mucous membrane of the stomach

Activates secretion of gastric juice.

Appetite increases and a feeling of satiety is blunted in a person in a state of being drunk. A drunk person practically does not control the amount of food eaten, and prefers high-calorie food with a high fat content.

Constant overeating leads to accumulation of excess calories deposited in the body, mainly in subcutaneous fatty tissue. Subsequently, if to continue to drink alcohol and eat harmful food, adipose tissue will be deposited in the abdominal area and torso that will lead to slowdown of metabolic processes.

Alcohol addiction and chronic overeating are additional factors for weight gain and may cause obesity.

In addition, it is proved that alcohol significantly slows down metabolism and intensity of fat burning processes in the body. After taking minor doses of alcohol, CNS suppression and decrease in oxidative processes are observed.

Alcohol is perceived by the body not as a liquid, but as a food product. Presence of ethanol in alcoholic beverages plays the main role in this.

Each gram of ethanol contains 7 calories. If to consume alcohol with fatty foods, these calories are gradually accumulated and deposited in the body in the form of adipose tissue.

At the same time, various alcoholic cocktails and liqueurs contain a lot of sugar, and their caloricity is even higher. In the process of complex chemical reactions, sugar contained in alcoholic beverages is processed into fatty acids.

In normal metabolism, these acids are used by the body as an energy source. Since alcohol slows down metabolism and prevents fat burning, fatty acids in the form of triglycerides are accumulated in adipose tissue cells.

Under alcohol influence, processes of production of growth hormones and testosterone are inhibited. It is known that testosterone is one of the hormones that is responsible for intensity of metabolism and gain of muscle mass.

Systematic consumption of alcohol beverages reduces testosterone level in the blood and increases level of hormone estrogen.

This promotes fluid retention in the body and deposition of fat in the chest, abdomen and hips.

Thus, statement that alcohol dependence may contribute to weight gain is an indisputable fact. However, each of these states can be the cause or consequence of another according to scientists.

Being a high-calorie products, alcoholic beverages may provoke metabolic disorder that eventually leads to gain of excess body weight and obesity.

Obesity causes stress and constant dissatisfaction with the appearance. Dissatisfaction with body weight and figure contributes to development of depressive conditions that people try to alleviate drinking alcohol.

Most often, this interconnection is observed in women. Men also suffer from depression. In order to cheer up and relax, they begin to consume alcohol that is one of the reasons for weight gain.

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